driver.close() vs driver.quit()

driver.close()
The driver.close() command is used to close the current focused browser tab. In case there is only one browser open then calling driver.close() quits the whole browser session.

It is best to use driver.close() when we are dealing with multiple browser tabs or windows e.g. when we click on a link that opens another tab. In this case after performing required action in the new tab, if we want to close the tab we can call the driver.close() method.

//Closing the single tab
driver.close();


driver.quit()
The driver.quit() is used to quit the whole browser session along with all the associated browser windows, tabs and pop-ups.

It is best to use driver.quit() when we no longer want to interact with the driver object along with any associated window, tab or pop-up. Generally, it is one of the last statements of the automation scripts. In case, we are working with Selenium with TestNG or JUnit, we call driver.quit() in the @AfterSuite method of our suite. Thus, closing it at the end of the whole suite.

@AfterSuite
public void tearDown() {
   driver.quit();
}

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